Lt Horse Regiments
2nd Light Horse Regiment (Queensland)
[1st Light Horse Brigade]
Served in Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Desert, Sinai, Palestine
Formed Queensland August 1914 for 1st Light Horse Brigade.
either unofficial or CMF.
|1472 Trooper A.C.
Wooster, 2nd Light Horse
Regiment, Killed in Action 17-11-02.
||171 Private William Harold Kenny
an original member of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment. Kenny was also
an original member of the Military Mounted Police (MMP), he joined
that unit in March of 1915, and served as MMP on Gallipoli, and
then transferred into the newly formed ANZAC Provost
was later renamed the Australian Provost Crops, in which he served
until he returned to Australia on 24 September 1918. He was a
bodyguard to General Birdwood on Gallipoli and later in France. He
was awarded the DCM and French Medaille Militaire and at the end
of the war held the rank of Warrant Officer Class 2. He is the
brother of Sister Elizabeth Kenny of polio fame and a member of
the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS).
- Defence of Anzac,
- Gallipoli 1915,
- Egypt 1915-17,
- El Mughar,
- Nebi Samwil,
Jordan (Es Salt),
- Jordan (Amman),
- Palestine 1917-18
many details on this page from Ross
2nd Light Horse Regiment
The 2nd Light Horse Regiment was
raised at Enoggera in Queensland on 18 August 1914. Its recruits came
mainly from Queensland but some hailed from the northern rivers
district of New South Wales. The 2nd was one of three regiments of the
1st Light Horse Brigade – the first Australian mounted formation
raised by Australia during the First World War. The regiment sailed
from Brisbane on 25 September and disembarked in Egypt on 9 December.
The 2nd Light Horse Regiment
deployed to Gallipoli without its horses and landed there on 12 May
1915, joining the New Zealand and Australian Division. It played a
defensive role for most of the campaign but did attack the Turkish
trenches opposite Quinn’s Post, one of the most contested positions
along the ANZAC Line. The first assault wave was mown down and
fortunately the officer commanding the attack had the wisdom and
courage to call it off. The 2nd was withdrawn from the front line in
September and left the peninsula on 18 December.
Back in Egypt, the 2nd Light Horse
joined the ANZAC Mounted Division. Between January and May 1916, the
regiment was deployed to protect the Nile valley from bands of
pro-Turkish Senussi Arabs. On 18 May, as part of its parent brigade,
it joined the forces defending the Suez Canal. The 1st Light Horse
Brigade played a significant role in turning back the Turkish advance
on the canal at the battle of Romani on 4 August. In ensuing days the
regiments of the brigade participated in the immediate follow-up of
the defeated Turks, but were soon withdrawn to rest.
The 2nd Light Horse Regiment
rejoined the Allied advance across the Sinai in November and was
subsequently involved in the fighting to secure the Turkish outposts
on the Palestine frontier – Maghdaba on 23 December 1916 and Rafa on
9 January 1917. A stint of protective duty along the line of
communications through the Sinai followed. The 2nd’s next major
engagement was the abortive second battle of Gaza on 19 April. Gaza
finally fell on 7 November, after a wide outflanking move via
Beersheba, in which the 1st Light Horse Brigade played a part.
With the capture of Gaza, the
Turkish position in southern Palestine collapsed. The 2nd Light Horse
Regiment participated in the advance to Jaffa that followed, and was
then committed to operations to clear and occupy the west bank of the
Jordan River. It was involved in the Amman (24–27 February) and Es
Salt (30 April–4 May) raids and the repulse of a major German and
Turkish attack on 14 July 1918.
The final British offensive of the
campaign was launched along the Mediterranean coast on 19 September
1918, with the ANZAC Mounted Division taking part in a subsidiary
effort east of the Jordan aimed at Amman. Turkey surrendered on 30
October 1918. The 2nd Light Horse Regiment sailed for Australia on 13
March 1919 without their horses, which were either shot or transferred
to Indian cavalry units.
- 203 killed, 472 wounded
- 1 CMG
- 8 DSO
- 10 MC
- 6 DCM
- 15 MM
- 1 MSM
- 34 MID
- 3 foreign awards