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Category:1st AIF/1st Div/3rd Bde

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This page is dedicated to the men who fell with the 11th, including Cpl Charles Morgan who fell at Pozieres but is remembered with this Memorial Headstone at Fremantle Cemetery, Fremantle WA

photo: Sandra Playle

  • Also remembered

    • 4070 George Scrivener of Perth

    • Embarked 23 Nov 1915. 

    • KIA 20 Sep 1917

    • Ypres (Menin Gate) Ieper  


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  • 11th Battalion AIF (Western Australia) [3rd Infantry Brigade]
    Formed Western Australia August 1914. Departed Fremantle Ascanius 31 October 1914. 

    • 1st Reinforcements departed Melbourne Themistocles 22 December 1914, 

    • 2nd Reinforcements departed Fremantle Itonus 22 February 1915, 

    • 3rd Reinforcements departed Fremantle Itonus 22 February 1915, 

    • 4th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Argyllshire 19 April 1915, 

    • 5th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Hororata 26 April 1915,  

    • 6th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Geelong 6 June 1915, 

    • 7th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Karoola 25 June 1915, 

    • 8th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Anchises 2 September 1915, 

    • 9th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Hororata 5 October 1915,  

    • 10th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Themistocles 13 October 1915, 

    • 11th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Ulysses 2 November 1915, 

    • 12th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Mongolia 22 November 1915, 

    • 13th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Borda 17 January 1916, 

    • 14th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Miltiades 12 February 1916,  

    • 15th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Ulysses 1 April 1916, 

    • 16th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Shropshire 31 March 1916, 

    • 17th Reinforcements departed Fremantle  Aeneas 17 April 1916, 

    • 18th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Suevic 6 June 1916, 

    • 19th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Miltiades 7 August 1916, 

    • 20th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Clan Macgillivray 18 September 1916,

    • 21st Reinforcements departed Fremantle Suffolk 10 October 1916, 

    • 22nd Reinforcements departed Fremantle Argyllshire 9 November 1916, 

    • 23rd Reinforcements departed Fremantle Berrima 23 December 1916, 

    • 24th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Miltiades 29 January 1917, 

    • 25th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Morea 26 February 1917, Borda 29 June 1917, 

    • 26th Reinforcements departed Fremantle Borda 29 June 1917, 

    • 27th Reinforcements departed Melbourne Aeneas 30 October 1917.

  • Battle Honours: Landing at Anzac, Anzac, Defence of Anzac, Suvla, Sari Bair, Gallipoli 1915,  Egypt 1915-16, Somme 1916-18, Pozieres, Bullecourt, Ypres 1917, Menin Road, Broodeseinde, Polygon Wood,  Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Lys, Hazebrouck, Amiens, Albert 1918, Hindenburg Line, Epehy, France and Flanders 1916-18

  • Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

History of 11th Battalion

In 1903 the Perth Rifle Volunteers were renamed the 11th Australian Infantry Regiment. At this stage the only permanent soldiers in Australia were Engineers, Coastal Defence Gunners and a handful of Staff Officers.

On the outbreak of WWI, Australia had a militia of about 100 000 people. The Defence Act 1903 stipulated that the Australian Militia Forces were only to be employed in the Defence of Australia. Hence the Australian Imperial Forces (AIF) was raised for service overseas. This is commonly referred to as the 1st AIF. The term of enlistment was for "the duration of hostilities plus 6 months".

The 11th Australian Infantry Battalion AIF was raised at Black Boy Hill Camp on 17 August 1914 and recruited from the militia units. The now famous picture of the 11th Bn AIF at the pyramids in Egypt in 1915 is shown throughout military history displays and books the world over. The picture was taken just before the landing at Anzac Cove. Not many of the soldiers in this picture survived the 8 month campaign.

The 11 Bn on the Pyramids in Egypt prior to the landing at Anzac Cove, Gallipoli.

After the Campaign on the Gallipoli Peninsula, the 11th Battalion AIF went on to serve with distinction in France and Belgium from 1916-18. They returned to Australia at the end of the war and disbanded on the 5 February 1919. The Battalion was awarded a Kings Colour for it's service during the war which was held in the of custody the Militia 2/11th Battalion.


11th Battalion

The 11th Battalion was among the first infantry units raised for the AIF during the First World War. It was the first battalion recruited in Western Australia, and with the 9th, 10th and 12th Battalions it formed the 3rd Brigade.

The battalion was raised within weeks of the declaration of war in August 1914 and embarked for overseas after just two weeks of preliminary training. It arrived in Egypt to continue its training in early December. The 3rd Brigade was the covering force for the ANZAC landing on 25 April 1915 and so was the first ashore at around 4:30 am. Ten days after the landing, a company from the 11th Battalion mounted the AIF’s first raid of the war against Turkish positions at Gaba Tepe. Subsequently, the battalion was heavily involved in defending the front line of the ANZAC beachhead. In August, it made preparatory attacks at the southern end of the ANZAC position before the battle of Lone Pine. The 11th Battalion continued to serve at ANZAC until the evacuation in December.

After the withdrawal from Gallipoli, the 11th Battalion returned to Egypt. It was split to help form the 51st Battalion, and then bought up to strength with reinforcements.

In March 1916, the battalion sailed for France and the Western Front. From then until 1918, the battalion took part in bloody trench warfare. Its first major action in France was at Pozières in the Somme valley in July. After Pozières, the battalion manned trenches near Ypres in Flanders before returning to the Somme valley for winter.

In 1917 the battalion took part in the brief advance that followed the German Army’s retreat to the Hindenburg Line. During a German counterattack at Louverval, France, in April 1917 Lieutenant Charles Pope was killed performing the deed for which he would be awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. The battalion subsequently returned to Belgium to participate in the offensive that became known as the Third Battle of Ypres.

The battalion helped to stop the German spring offensive in March and April 1918, and later that year participated in the great Allied offensive launched east of Amiens on 8 August 1918. This advance by British and empire troops was the greatest success in a single day on the Western Front, one that German General Erich Ludendorff described as “the black day of the German Army in this war”

The 11th Battalion continued operations until late September 1918. At 11 am on 11 November 1918, the guns fell silent. This armistice was followed by a peace treaty, signed at Versailles on 28 June 1919.

In November 1918 members of the AIF began to return to Australia. In February 1919, the 11th and 12th Battalions were amalgamated due to steadily declining numbers in both battalions. They remained so linked until their last members returned home for demobilisation and discharge. Text from AWM

  • 1115 killed, 2249 wounded (including gassed)
  • Decorations

    • 1 VC
    • 1 CB
    • 2 CMG
    • 7 DSO
    • 1 OBE
    • 30 MC, 1 bar
    • 25 DCM, 1 bar
    • 96 MM, 2 bars
    • 3 MSM
    • 85 MID
    • 7 foreign awards

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