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Category: Conflicts/Vietnam

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The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery in Viet Nam

RAA Units that served

  • 105 Field Battery (1965-66)

  • 1 Field Regiment

    • 101 Field Battery (1966-67 and 1969-70)

    • 103 Field Battery (1966-67)

    • 105 Field Battery (1969-70)

  • 4 Field Regiment

    • 106 Field Battery (1967-68 and 1970-71)

    • 107 Field Battery (1970-71)

    • 108 Field Battery (1967-68)

  • 12 Field Regiment 

    • 102 Field Battery (1968-69)

    • 104 Field Battery (1968-69 and 1971)

    • A Field Battery (1971)

  • 131 Divisional Locating Battery(1966-1971)

1st Field Regiment as we know it today, was raised on 25th May 1949 at North Head, Sydney. At that time it was the only regular Artillery Regiment. In 1953, B Anti-Aircraft Battery was redesignated 3 Anti-Aircraft Battery and then in 1955 it was redesignated as 103rd Heavy Anti-Aircraft Battery. 

In April 1957 the Battery was redesignated the independent 111th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery and left 1st Field Regiment's Order of Battle. C Observation Troop was renamed 4th Locating Battery and subsequently 104th Locating Battery in early 1957, before being re-roled as 101st Field Battery and equipped with 25 pounders on 4th April 1957.

In 1957, when the Regiment comprised of A Field Battery, 101st Field Battery and 102nd Light (4.2 inch Mortar) Battery it moved to Kokoda Barracks, Holsworthy. During the late 1950's, 105th Field Battery was raised and replaced A Field Battery as one of the Regiment's 25 pounder Batteries. 105th Field Battery then relocated in 1960 to  become the founding Battery of the newly raised 4th Field Regiment.

RAA Banner


On the eve of the Vietnam War the Regiment consisted of 101st Field Battery and 105th Field Battery (Independent), both equipped with the L5, 102nd Light (4.2 inch Mortar) Battery and a Headquarters Battery.

In April 1965 the decision was taken to deploy the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1RAR) to Vietnam. This resulted in an expansion of artillery regiments by the addition of a third field battery. 1st Field Regiment's order of battle for deployment to Vietnam was 101st Field Battery, 105th Field Battery, 161st Field Battery Royal New Zealand Artillery and Headquarters Battery.

When 1 RAR deployed to Vietnam in May 1965 with fire support initially provided by 161st Field Battery RNZA, in September 1965 105th Field Battery arrived to provide additional fire support. With the expansion of the Australian force to two Battalion Groups in June 1966, the remainder of the Regiment, less 101st Field Battery, deployed to Vietnam accompanied by 103rd Field Battery.

In August 1966, the Regiment took part in the Battle of Long Tan in support of D Company, 6 RAR with the Regiment firing 3198 rounds in three hours of battle. In September 1966, 105th Field Battery was replaced by 101st Field Battery and returned to Australia. In May 1967, the Regiment completed its first tour of duty in Vietnam and was replaced by 4th Field Regiment. The Regiment, rejoined by 105th Field Battery, relocated to Sanananda Barracks, Wacol. The 103rd Field Battery was re-roled as a medium battery and moved to 12th Medium Regiment.

In February 1969, 105th Field Battery returned to Vietnam for a second tour of duty to be followed by the remainder of the Regiment a month later. On completion of their final tour of duty, the Regiment returned to Sanananda Barracks, Wacol in March 1970. 

extract from

105 Field Battery Lines Nui Dat Viet Nam. 

photo above and 5 below from
105 Field Battery at a training exercise at Tin Can Bay Queensland before posting to SVN

The Guns are here. 105 mm Howitzers being airlifted into Fire Support Base Bruiser for 105 Field Battery.

The Office Has Landed. A mobile RAA Command Post is delivered to a Fire Support Base by Chinook and the Gunners can go straight to work.

The Guns at FSB Coral


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Digger History:  an unofficial history of the Australian & New Zealand Armed Forces