The Digger's Scrapbook Page
taxi, now in the French Army Museum in Paris, was one of some 600 that
ferried French soldiers to the front in the defense of the city. During
the Battle of the Marne in September of 1914, 6,000 French reserve
troops were rushed to the battlefield to face the Germans. The Germans
paused in their drive on Paris to face the French counter-offensive, and
this pause upset their carefully timed strategy. The German attack,
articulated in the Schlieffen Plan, thus failed in its drive to seize
A Soldier with two Memorials
|This soldier was killed in
France in a train accident. He is buried at Mussy
sous Dun (Saone et Loire ) but is also shown at the Villers
Bretonneux memorial as having no known grave.
||GRAVELL, WILLIAM EDWIN
|Date of Death:
||Son of William
Thomas and Emily B. Eleanor Gravell, of 27, Barrell St., Albert Park,
Victoria. Born at Woodend, Victoria.
||Commonwealth War Dead
Harry's Cafe De Wheels,
sailors and a couple of Aussie civilians gathered around the famous
"Harry's Cafe De Wheels" in Woolloomooloo Sydney. Harry's
Cafe de Wheels was established in the 1940s and was patronised by Judy
Garland and Frank Sinatra as well as American and Australian soldiers
pouring off the ships at Woolloomooloo. Its specialty then was pie and
peas and it still is.
The original Harry, Harry
Edwards, operated his pie cart at Woolloomooloo for two years before
joining the army. He returned to selling pies in 1945. Mr. Hannah, the
third Harry's owner and another ex-serviceman, recalled the day in 1970
when he returned to Sydney aboard a troopship from Vietnam. "I had
a pie from Harry's on my first night back". He bought the business
in 1988. From http://members.optushome.com.au/steveatv1/DEFAULT.htm
WW1 American Recruiting
The poster was designed in 1917 to
encourage Polish-Americans to help the war effort by consuming some
commodity goods that were in short supply.
The poster dramatizes
the actions of two Polish officers who were great contributors to
the American victory in the Revolutionary War, Thaddeus Kosciuszko and
Count Casimir Pulaski.
Both had found the cause of the
American rebels irresistible and fought mightily to help them.
The poster features a painting of Thaddeus Kosciuszko.
It is here because Australia's highest
peak, Mt.Kosciusko was named after him.
The peak was named in 1840 by
Polish-Australian explorer Paul Strzelecki for Tadeusz Kosciuszko
(1746-1817), the Polish military hero who fought in both the American
and Polish wars of independence.
Societe des Quarante Hommes at Huit Chevaux
is an independent fraternal organization of U. S. veterans, more
commonly known as the Forty & Eight.
Forty & Eight was formed in 1920 by American Legionnaires as an
honor society and from its earliest days it has been committed to
charitable aims. Membership is by invitation for members of the
American Legion who have shown exemplary service. All Forty &
Eight members are thus veterans of congressionally recognized wartime
periods via their Legion membership.
Forty & Eight’s titles and symbols reflect its First World War
origins. American servicemen in France were transported to the
battle front on narrow gauge French railroads (Chemin de Fer) inside
boxcars (Voitures) that were half the size of American boxcars. (These
were well known to Anzac soldiers). Each French boxcar was stenciled
with a "40/8", denoting its capacity to hold either forty men
or eight horses. This ignominious and uncomfortable mode of
transportation was familiar to all who traveled from the coast to the
trenches; a common small misery among American soldiers who thereafter
found "40/8" a lighthearted symbol of the deeper service,
sacrifice and unspoken horrors of war that truly bind those who have
borne the battle."
Certificate from the King issued to school children to celebrate the
victory in WW2.
Testament of the Holy Bible, Active Service Edition, WW2.
Advertising for Johnnie
Walker Whisky. JOHNNIE WALKER:
"Well, how are you fellows from 'down under'?"
ANZAC: "Fine! We're helping to put the Empire where your
non-refillable bottle ought to be.... JOHNNIE WALKER: "Where's
that?" ANZAC: "On top"
Wartime Facts from WWII
first German serviceman killed in the war was killed by the Japanese
first American serviceman killed was killed by the Russians (Finland
highest ranking American killed was Lt. Gen. Lesley McNair, killed
by the US Army Air Corps.
youngest US serviceman was 12 year old Calvin Graham, USN. He was
wounded in combat and given a Dishonorable Discharge for lying about
his age. (His benefits were later restored by act of Congress).
the time of Pearl Harbor, the top US Navy command was called CINCUS
(pronounced “sink us”), the shoulder patch of the US Army’s
45th Infantry division was the Swastika, and Hitler’s private
train was named "Amerika". All three were soon changed for PR
US servicemen died in the Air Corps than the Marine Corps. While
completing the required 30 missions, your chance of being killed was
71%. Not that bombers were helpless. A B-17 carried 4 tons of bombs
and 1.5 tons of machine gun ammo. The US 8th Air Force shot down
6,098 fighter planes, 1 for every 12,700 shots fired.
power grid was much more vulnerable than realized. One estimate is
that if just 1% of the bombs dropped on German industry had instead
been dropped on power plants, German industry would have collapsed.
speaking, there was no such thing as an average fighter pilot. You
were either an ace or a target. For instance, Japanese ace Hiroyoshi
Nishizawa shot down over 80 planes. He died while a passenger on a
was a common practice on fighter planes to load every 5th found with
a tracer round to aid in aiming. That was a mistake. The tracers had
different ballistics so (at long range) if your tracers were hitting
the target, 80% of your rounds were missing. Worse yet, the tracers
instantly told your enemy he was under fire and from which
direction. Worst of all was the practice of loading a string of
tracers at the end of the belt to tell you that you were out of
ammo. That was definitely not something you wanted to tell the
enemy. Units that stopped using tracers saw their success rate
nearly double and their loss rate go down.
allied armies reached the Rhine, the first thing men did was pee in
it. This was pretty universal from the lowest private to Winston
Churchill (who made a big show of it) and Gen. Patton (who had
himself photographed in the act).
Me-264 bombers were capable of bombing New York City but it wasn’t
worth the effort.
number of air crewmen died of farts. (Ascending to 20,000 ft. in an
un-pressurized aircraft causes intestinal gas to expand 300%!)
Russians destroyed over 500 German aircraft by ramming them in
midair (they also sometimes cleared minefields by marching over
them). "It takes a brave man not to be a hero in the Red Army".
US Army had more ships than the US Navy.
German Air Force had 22 infantry divisions, 2 armor divisions, and
11 paratroop divisions. None of them were capable of airborne
operations. The German Army had paratroops who WERE capable of
the US Army landed in North Africa, among the equipment brought
ashore were 3 complete Coca Cola bottling plants.
the first "Germans" captured at Normandy were several
Koreans. They had been forced to fight for the Japanese Army until
they were captured by the Russians and forced to fight for the
Russian Army until they were captured by the Germans and forced to
fight for the German Army until they were capture by the US Army.
Graf Spee never sank. The scuttling attempt failed and the ship was
bought by the British. On board was Germany’s newest radar system.
of Japan’s methods of destroying tanks was to bury a very large
artillery shell with only the nose exposed. When a tank came near
the enough a soldier would whack the shell with a hammer. "Lack
of weapons is no excuse for defeat." – Lt. Gen. Mataguchi
a massive naval bombardment, 35,000 US and Canadian troops stormed
ashore at Kiska. 21 troops were killed in the fire-fight. It would
have been worse if there had been Japanese on the island.
MISS ME was an unarmed Piper Cub. While spotting for US artillery
her pilot saw a similar German plane doing the same thing. He dove
on the German plane and he and his co-pilot fired their pistols
damaging the German plane enough that it had to make a forced
landing. Whereupon they landed and took the Germans prisoner. It is
unknown where they put them since the MISS ME only had two seats.
members of the Waffen SS were not German.
only nation that Germany declared was on was the USA.
the Japanese attack on Hong Kong, British officers objected to
Canadian infantrymen taking up positions in the officer’s mess. No
enlisted men allowed!
physicist Niels Bohr was rescued in the nick of time from German
occupied Denmark. While Danish resistance fighters provided covering
fire he ran out the back door of his home stopping momentarily to
grab a beer bottle full of precious “heavy water”. He finally
reached England still clutching the bottle, which contained beer.
Perhaps some German drank the heavy water…
Contributed by Ronald Padavan, LTC,
CAP MIWG Chief of Staff MSGT, USAF (Ret.) Past President Lodge 143,
Fraternal Order of Police. As printed in, The
Victory Division News. No.
4. December, 2000.
Medallion from the USA
awarded to a Life Insurance salesman who sold over $5,000 worth of
Government War Savings stamps in 1918.