The Colours of 1st Bn Royal New
Zealand Infantry Regiment
"old" Queen's & Regimental Colours of 1st Battalion The
Royal New Zealand Regiment that were replaced and laid up 12-13 April
& rear covers of the souvenir booklet of the Colours Parade of 1
|PRESENTATION OF COLOURS
THE FIRST BATTALION ROYAL NEW ZEALAND INFANTRY REGIMENT
HIS EXCELLENCY THE RIGHT HONOURABLE
SIR MICHAEL HARDIE BOYS, GNZM, GCMG
Saturday 12th April 1997
The Message of the Honorary Colonel,
Lieutenant General D.S. McIver, CMG, OBE (Rtd)
At the ceremony to present the First Battalion, Royal
New Zealand Infantry Regiment with newly woven and embroidered colours, today's soldiers will renew the unit's commitment to service to the Sovereign and will rededicate themselves to the loyal and dedicated
defence and protection of New Zealand's national interests.
At the same time, their service under the, Regimental Colour with its twenty three emblazoned battle honours (including the newly emblazoned battle honour, South Vietnam 1967-70) will represent their commitment, and the commitment of members of the battalion who follow them, to the same honourable and selfless service that has been the tradition not just of this unit but of the New Zealand soldier of the past.
It is fitting that this presentation ceremony takes place at the Battalion's permanent location, Palmerston North.
Over the same weekend the now weather-beaten, faded and torn colours, which have been at the centre of the Battalion's last quarter century of service, will be laid up at the Wellington Cathedral. Again, this is a most fitting repository for colours of a unit which for a major part of the service they represent, served the nation in a variety of roles in South East Asia. There they will remind a nation of the dedication of past members, sometimes at considerable cost, to the nation's well-being.
The weekend's ceremonies will be deeply meaningful not only to those actively involved but to all past and present members of the First Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment.
|Colours are the memorials to the history and deeds of a regiment and the symbol of its spirit. When Colours were carried on active service, acts of heroic self-sacrifice were often performed in their defence, and from this association there has evolved an attitude of veneration towards the Colours.
On 25 September 1971, at Dieppe Barracks in Singapore, the 1st Battalion Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment was presented with new Colours by Lieutenant General Sir Leonard Thornton KCB, CBE. It was a unique occasion as it also marked the last time the Colours for the 1st and 2nd Battalions of The New Zealand Regiment were trooped together. Some 26 years later it is now time to troop those Colours presented in 1971 for the last time.
We are honoured to have His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Michael Hardie Boys GNZM, GCMG, presenting the new Colours to the
1st Battalion. This event provides a unique opportunity for the 1st Battalion to troop its old Colours for the last time and then receive its new Colours. The 1st Battalion looks at this event not as an end of an era but as an opportunity for us to develop still further the sense of pride we have in our unit.
May I take this opportunity to extend a warm and sincere welcome to all our invited guests, ex-members of the
1st and 2nd Battalions of The New Zealand Regiment and ex-members of the
1st Battalion Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment.
|THE ROYAL NEW ZEALAND INFANTRY REGIMENT
HER MAJESTY, QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Governor-General and Commander in Chief
His Excellency, The Right Honourable
Sir MICHAEL HARDIE BOYS, GNZM, GCMG
Colonel of the Regiment
Major General K.M. GORDON, CBE (Rtd)
Honorary Colonel of the First Battalion
Lieutenant General D.S.McIVER, CMG, OBE (Rtd)
Colonel R.J. SEYMOUR, MBE
Commanding Officer of the First Battalion
Lieutenant Colonel P.J. GIBBONS, RNZIR
Regimental Sergeant Major of the First Battalion
Warrant Officer Class One G.D. SPARKES, RNZIR
A SHORT HISTORY OF THE BATTALION
|On 9th January 1947 a New Zealand Infantry Corps was created with the then fourteen Territorial infantry regiments and a new regular infantry regiment, the New Zealand Regiment, as constituent Regiments within the Corps. The New Zealand Regiment was formed to provide for the first time a regiment to which regular infantry officers and soldiers could belong. Until this date regular infantrymen belonged either, as officers, to the New Zealand Staff Corps or, as Non Commissioned Officers and men, to the New Zealand Permanent Staff.
From these groups was provided the cadre staff of Territorial infantry battalions and the Staff and Instructors in the New Zealand Permanent Forces. On 9th January 1947 the Permanent Force and the Territorial Force were amalgamated to form the New Zealand Army. Concurrently
the Divisional Cavalry Battalion, the 22nd and 27th New Zealand Infantry Battalions, all of which were serving in the 9th New Zealand Infantry Brigade in the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan, were redesignated as the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Battalions, the New Zealand Regiment. In 1948 the 9th Infantry Brigade was withdrawn from Japan and the three Battalions deactivated.
In the mid-1950s New Zealand agreed to transfer her military commitment from the Middle East to South East Asia and the Pacific. As one manifestation of this resolve, New Zealand also agreed to contribute land forces to the Commonwealth Force in Malaya. Initially it was a Special Air Service Squadron which was to be replaced after two years by an infantry battalion. On 1st August-1957 the 1st Battalion New Zealand Regiment, was reactivated at Waiouru Military Camp, then after intensive training, it was despatched to Malaya. It joined 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade Group in the
Ipoh Taiping area of Northern Malaya and commenced anti terrorist operations in the jungles of Perak.
During April 1959 the 2nd Battalion New Zealand Regiment, was reactivated at Waiouru Military Camp to replace the
1st Battalion on completion of its two-year tour in November 1959.
In November 1961, the 1st Battalion relieved the 2nd Battalion and moved into 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade Group's new base, Terendak Camp, in the State of Malacca. During 1963 the New Zealand Army announced its plans for the formation of a new single regiment of infantry. This plan included the amalgamation of the
1st and 2nd Battalions, New Zealand Regiment, so, accordingly the planned relief of
1st Battalion by the 2nd Battalion in November 1963 did not occur. During November 1963 the 2nd Battalion was disestablished and became the 1st Battalion Depot. On 1st April 1964 the ten separate Regiments of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Corps became seven numbered battalions of the new single Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment.
The 1st Battalion, New Zealand Regiment became the
1st Battalion of the new Regiment. Because it is recruited on a nation wide basis, and had no specific regional links, the 1st Battalion Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment claimed descent from, as well as the 1st and 2nd Battalions New Zealand
Regiment, all previous Territorial Infantry Regiments of the New Zealand -Army.
Except for a six-month period in 1965, and another in 1966, when it was under the operational control of the
19th United Kingdom and the 99th Gurkha Infantry Brigade Groups respectively, the Battalion served continuously with the 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade in West Malaysia and Singapore.
The Battalion has also had subunits detached for service with the 1st Australian Task Force in the Republic of Vietnam - Victor Company from May 1967 to 1974 and Whisky Company from December 1967 until November 1970.
During November 1969 the Battalion moved from Terendak to an interim home in Punjab Square Nee Soon Garrison then in June 1971 to Dieppe Barracks.
The Battalion continued to serve in Dieppe Barracks until August 1989. The planned return to New Zealand was code named Operation Kupe and it saw the final withdrawal of I RNZIR from South East Asia after 32 continuous years of service in the
The Battalion marched in to its new home Wellington Lines in Linton Camp in August 1989. This was followed by a march through the streets of Wellington which represented a home coming for the Battalion who
had marched through Wellington in 1957 en route to operations in Malaya.
Since 1989 the Battalion has been committed to an intensive training and operational programme. The Battalion has returned to South East Asia on a number of occasions, under the Five Power Defence Agreement, as well as deployments to Australia. The majority of the Battalions' operational focus has been towards peacekeeping, this has culminated in the deployment of two 250 man groups drawn from Battalion Headquarters, Whiskey and Victor Companies to Bosnia during 1994 and 1995.
|Although the 1st and 2nd Battalions of The New Zealand Regiment possessed Colours these were rendered void on the creation of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment. New Colours were now required and one hundred and five Battle Honours previously awarded to the ten separate infantry regiments were to be inherited by the new single regiment.
It was decided that each battalion could emblazon twenty two Battle Honours on its Regimental Colour. It was noted that it is British Army custom for all battalions of a Regiment to emblazon the same Battle Honours but it was agreed that each, of the battalions of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment could emblazon twenty two Battle Honours of its own choosing, although, naturally enough, the new battalions would probably choose the Battle Honours awarded to their predecessor regiments.
- The Battle Honours were to be made up of:
- NEW ZEALAND.
- SOUTH AFRICA.
- Ten selected from the First World War.
- Ten selected from the Second World War.
Brigadier T.C. Campbell CBE, DSO, MC, ED, the Honorary Colonel of the
1st Battalion, declared that whilst the 1st Battalion had not directly inherited any Battle Honours, its antecedents were the Regular Infantry drawn from the whole of New Zealand and he felt that the
1st Battalion Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment would be proud to emblazon twenty two Battle Honours including the Honour NEW ZEALAND.
On the 22nd February 1965 Brigadier Campbell, after discussion with the then Commanding Officer of the battalion, Lieutenant Colonel R.M. Gurr MBE, confirmed to Army Headquarters that the 1st Battalion Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment wished the following Battle Honours to be emblazoned on it's Regimental Colours:
- Pre World War One
- NEW ZEALAND
- SOUTH AFRICA 1900-1902
- World War One
- SOMME, 1916,18
- MESSINES, 1917
- YPRES, 1917
- POLYGON WOOD
- ARRAS, 1918
- HINDENBURG LINE
- FRANCE & FLANDERS, 1916-18
- GALLIPOLI, 1915
- World War Two
- GREECE, 1941
- MINQAR QAIM
- EL ALAMEIN
- NORTH AFRICA, 1940-43
- CASSINO I
- ITALY, 1943-45
- SOUTH PACIFIC, 1942-44
On 11th July 1966, the New Zealand Army Board approved the allocation of Battle Honours and wrote to the Inspector of Regimental Colours in the United Kingdom to request him to prepare final drawings of the Queen's and Regimental Colours for the battalions of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment.
The twenty two Battle Honours, as listed, were to be emblazoned in accordance with current practice and custom, and in the upper right hand comer the New Zealand Regiment Crest. In the past where two regiments were amalgamated, it has been Army Board policy to authorise the crests of the old regiments to be
borne on the Regimental Colour of the new regiment as honorary distinction badges. Accordingly, the crest of the New Zealand Regiment is
borne on the Regimental Colour of 1st Battalion Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment.
The Regimental Motto is ONWARD and this also is inscribed on the Regimental Colour. The motto, ONWARD, was embodied in New Zealand's first Coat of Arms granted in 1911 following the proclamation of Dominion status. It was then used on the General Service Badge of the British section of the First New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Their badge was two fem leaves enclosing the letters NZ above a scroll inscribed 'ONWARD' and the whole surmounted by Tudor crown. The remainder of the force wore the same badge with EXPEDITIONARY
FORCE instead of 'ONWARD' inscribed on the scroll.
'ONWARD' was adopted as the Motto of the Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force and all members wore the badge inscribed so. In 1964 the Motto was adopted by the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment. By it's very meaning the Motto 'ONWARD' symbolises the spirit of the New Zealand Infantry.
The current set of Colours were presented to the Battalion by Lieutenant General Sir Leonard Thornton KCB, CBC at Dieppe Barracks 25 September 197 1. The Battalion
continued to carry these Colours in both South East Asia and on return to New Zealand.
In 1991 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II gave her Royal Assent to the approval of the Battle Honour for South Vietnam 1967 - 1970. This Battle Honour is now emblazoned on the new Regimental Colour which will be presented to the Battalion.
CEREMONIAL CUSTOMS OF THE BATTALION
|The custom of the battalion is to give a New Zealand atmosphere to Ceremonial parades. When His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Michael Hardie Boys is sighted the sentry who sees him will give the alarm, or, as it is known in the Maori language; 'Karanga'.
The 'Karanga' was the traditional method of calling adopted by the sentries guarding a Maori Pa (Fortified village). The sentries were posted on the outer palisades of the Pa covering the enemy's likely approaches. Any group approaching the Pa were considered as enemy until proved otherwise. At regular intervals during their watch the sentries would call "Ka Po Ka Po Ka Po Te Ao" (All is well) to indicate that no enemy party was approaching their sector of watch. This call was echoed by all the other sentries. In the event of an enemy party approaching the sentry who sighted them would give the warning "He Tauia He Tauia" (Alert the enemy is approaching).
No other sentry would echo this call as it would tend to confuse the occupants of the Pa as to which direction the enemy was approaching from. The sentry kept up this call until it was acknowledged by the Rangitira (Chief) of the Pa. The Rangitira then rallied his warriors near the threatened section of the Pa. All other sentries remained on the alert but uttered no call unless the enemy party or part thereof approached their portion of the palisade. The 'Karanga' was followed by the 'Wero'.
The Vero' is the Maori's traditional challenge. It is a ceremonial ritual performed by a selected warrior of the tribe to ascertain the friendliness or hostility of any visiting group approaching the home Pa. When performing the 'Wero', the warrior challenged the visitors to combat through various insulting actions and gestures. He then threw a leaf on the ground and turned his back on the visitors. The ranking chief of the visiting group either picked it up, which indicated that the visitors came in peace, or spurned to pick it up, in which
case the challenge was accepted and the bravest warrior in the visiting group was
brought forth to do battle with the challenger. Meanwhile, both sides stood alert whilst the individual combat took place. After this, both sides either did battle or decided better and acclaimed the victor and mourned the dead.
If the visitors came in peace, a Haka (War Dance) was performed and the Wero served to clear the Pa of evil spirits , which may harm the visitors. The visitors were then accepted as friends and were escorted into the Pa to the Marae (Meeting place in the centre of the Pa where all important councils and events were held) where they were welcomed by hakas, dancing and singing. This indicated that the home tribe accorded them protection whilst in the Pa. The Wero is still performed and continues to have the same sacred significance as in the past. The only
difference now being that it is used to welcome official guests and persons of rank visiting the home tribe's Pa or Marae.
Lieutenant Colonel P.J. GIBBONS, RNZIR
Adjutant : Captain J.G. HOWARD, RNZIR
Regimental Sergeant Major: Warrant Officer Class One G.D.
Field Officers for the Colours
Queen's Colour - Major P.W. WOOD, RNZIR
Regimental Colour - Major N.R.P. NELSON, RNZIR
||Lieutenant A.C. CHILDS, RNZIR
||Second Lieutenant S.A. MCKINLAY, RNZIR
|Escorts to the Colours
||Warrant Officer Class Two
I. MacKENZIE, RNZIR
Staff Sergeant N.C. MCCARTHY, RNZIR
Staff Sergeant R. WAITITI, RNZIR
R.P. STEWART, RNZIR
|Escorts to the Colours
||As the new Colours
are not yet consecrated they do not rate escorts
|Number One Guard
D.T. SAMUELS, RNZIR
Captain M.W. STURMEY, RNZIR
Lieutenant A.C. CHILDS, RNZIR
Lieutenant A.V. FOREMAN, RNZIR
Second Lieutenant J.D. LEE, RNZIR
Second Lieutenant S.A. MCKINLAY, RNZIR
Warrant Officer Class Two AJ. KELLS, RNZIR
|Number Two Guard
|| Major P.W. VAN DER
Lieutenant B.F. WELLINGTON, RNZIR
Lieutenant W.B. BESTIC, RNZIR
Second Lieutenant J.P. COOK, RNZIR
Second Lieutenant A. AUTAGAVAIA, RNZIR
Wan-ant Officer Class Two A.D. NAMANA, RNZIR
|Number Three Guard
J.R. BOSWELL, RNZIR
Captain S.B. PANTLING, RNZIR
Lieutenant C.G. MORTIBOY, RNZIR
Lieutenant JW. LYNCH, RNZIR
Second Lieutenant R.P. STEWART, RNZIR
Warrant Officer Class Two T.A. DIAMOND, RNZIR
|Number Four Guard
I.M. LATTIMORE, RNZIR
Lieutenant W.G. PARKE, RNZE
Lieutenant T.P. WILLIAMS, RNZIR
Lieutenant M.J. CROW, RNZ Sigs
Lieutenant P.M. SMITH, RNZIR
Lieutenant A.D. GOODE, RNZIR
Warrant Officer Class Two G.W.C. JENKINSON, RNZIR
D.K. CLEARWATER, RNZIR
FORM OF THE PARADE
1. The Band marches on.
2. The Battalion assembles.
3. Commanding Officer takes command.
THE ARRIVAL OF HIS EXCELLENCY THE RIGHT HONOURABLE SIR MICHAEL HARDIE BOYS
4. Commander 2nd Land Force Group arrives and is received with a
General Salute (Spectators are requested to stand).
5. Commander Land Force Command arrives and is received with a
General Salute (Spectators are requested to stand).
6. Chief of General Staff arrives and is received with a General Salute
(Spectators are requested to stand).
7. His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Michael Hardie Boys arrives and is received with a Royal Salute (Spectators are requested to stand, Officers to salute).
WERO IS PERFORMED
8. The Commanding Officer and the Commander 2nd Land Force Group accompany His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Michael Hardie Boys, to inspect the Battalion.
9. The Colours of the First Battalion Royal New Zealand Infantry
Regiment are trooped.
MARCHING OFF OF THE OLD COLOURS
10. The Colours of the First Battalion New Zealand Regiment are marched off. (Spectators are requested to stand as the Colours are marched off. All ranks to salute as Colours pass to their immediate front).
After the ceremony of the Trooping of the old Colours has been carried out the Commanding Officer and the Chaplains will take post before the pile of
drums on which the new Colours have been laid for dedication.
11. Parade reforms.
CONSECRATION OF THE NEW COLOURS
12. The drummers pile their drums.
13. The Chaplains. senior and junior Majors take their positions.
14. Conducted by the Senior Chaplain attended by the other Chaplains (Spectators are requested to stand for the service).
The Commanding Officer shall say:
"For as much as men at all times have made for themselves signs and emblems of their allegiance to their rulers, and of their duty to uphold those laws and institutions which God's providence has called them to obey; we following this ancient and pious custom, and remembering that God himself led his people Israel by a pillar of fire by night and a pillar of cloud by day, are met together before God to ask his blessings on these Colours, which are to represent to us our duty towards our Sovereign and our Country. May they never be unfurled, save in the cause of justice and righteousness; and may God make them to be to those who follow them a sign of His presence in all dangers and distresses, and so increase their faith and hope in Him, who is King of kings and Lord of lords".
The Commanding Officer of the ceremony will then invite the Chaplains to dedicate the new Colours:
"Reverend Sirs, on behalf of the First Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment I ask you to bid God's blessing on these new Colours".
The Principal Chaplain will then say:
"We are ready to do so. We are gathered here to dedicate these Colours, the solemn symbol of our loyalty and with it ourselves, our service and our life. May this Colour never be unfurled save in the cause of justice,
righteousness and truth".
The Principal Chaplain
and the Parade shall then say:
P/Chaplain: To the service of God and the hallowing of His Holy name.
P/Chaplain: To the love of our Sovereign and country, and to the welfare of mankind.
P/Chaplain: To the protection of all those who pass to and fro on their lawful occasions.
P/Chaplain: To the presentation of order and good government.
P/Chaplain: To the hallowed memory of our comrades, whose courage and endurance and undying lustre to the emblems.
P/Chaplain: In continual remembrance of our solemn oath and in token of our resolve, faithfully and truly to keep, it to the end.
Three Chaplains representing the Anglican, Catholic and
other denominational representatives will then take post in front of the Colours, saying in union:
Our help is in the name of the Lord,
Chaplains: The Lord be with you.
Chaplains: To the Glory of God and as a symbol of our duty to Him and of our service to our Sovereign, we dedicate these Colours in the name (laying their hands on the Colours) of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.
The Parade will be stood at ease.
Assistant Chaplain: Lord God, Who beholdest all the kingdoms of the earth, have regard unto our nation, that it may continue a place and a people who serve Thee to the end of time. Grant that all who live beneath our flag may be so mindful of its crosses, that they may work for the good of others, according to the example of Him who died upon a Cross in the service of man.
Lord, Let Thy gracious favour rest on all who shall follow the Colours now committed to our trust. May our courage ever rest on our
sure confidence in Thee. May we show self control in the hour of success, and patience in the time of adversity. May our honour lie in seeking the honour and glory of Thy great name, through Jesus Christ, Our Lord.
The Principal Chaplain will then say: Remember always, that these Colours which we have here dedicated to God, represent to us our bounden duty to our Queen and Country - which is to serve her, her realm and our fellow citizens to the utmost of our power, to maintain as much as in us lies the gift of honour and the sanctity of man's plighted word, to protect all those who pass to and fro upon their lawful occasions, to preserve order and good government, after the example of our comrades who counted not their lives dear to themselves, so that others might live in peace.
The Chaplains will then take up their original positions on the right of the saluting base.
15. His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Michael Hardie Boys moves to his position for the Presentation.
16. The senior major marches the officers for the Colours forward. The Ensigns for the Colours kneel. The senior Major hands the Queen's Colour to His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Michael Hardie Boys from whom the senior Ensign receives it. The Regimental Colour, in like manner, is handed by the junior Major and received by the junior Ensign. Both Ensigns rise.
17. The Battalion is stood at ease.
18. His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Michael Hardie Boys addresses the Battalion.
19. Commanding Officer replies to His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Michael Hardie Boys' speech.
20. The Battalion will reform into line. The Colours are turned to face the Battalion and are given a General Salute. (Spectators are requested to stand for the General Salute and to sit when the Battalion shoulders arms at the end).
21. The Battalion marches past in slow time then in quick time. (Spectators are requested to stand and all ranks in uniform to salute as the Colours pass them).
22. The Battalion reforms into line.
23. The Battalion advances in Review Order.
24. Royal Salute (All spectators are requested to stand, Officers to salute).
DEPARTURE OF HIS EXCELLENCY
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE SIR MICHAEL HARDIE BOYS
25. His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Michael Hardie Boys departs and is accorded a Royal Salute. (Spectators are requested to stand and Officers to salute).
Chief of General Staff departs and is farewelled with a General Salute
(Spectators are requested to stand).
27. Commander Land Force Command departs and is farewelled with a General
Salute (Spectators are requested to stand).
28. Commander 2nd Land Force Group departs and is farewelled with a
General Salute (Spectators are requested to stand).
29. The Battalion marches off.