- 49th Battalion AIF
(Queensland) [13th Infantry Brigade]
Formed Egypt 27 February 1916 from the 9th Battalion AIF.
Reinforcements departed Sydney Hawkes
Bay 20 April 1916,
- 3rd Reinforcements departed Brisbane Clan
Macgillivray 1 May 1916,
- 4th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Boorana
16 August 1916,
- 5th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Seang
Choon 19 September 1916,
- 6th Reinforcements departed Sydney Ceramic
7 October 1916,
- 7th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Marathon
27 October 1916,
- 8th Reinforcements departed Sydney Demosthenes
23 December 1916,
- 9th Reinforcements departed Sydney Ayrshire
24 January 1917,
- 10th Reinforcements departed Sydney Medic
1 August 1917.
Egypt 1916, Somme 1916-18,
Pozieres, Bullecourt, Messines 1917, Ypres 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Passchendaele,
Arras 1918, Ancre 1918, Villers-Bretonneux, Amiens, Albert 1918, St
Quentin Canal, Hindenburg Line, Epehy, France and Flanders 1916-18
Ross Mallett (ADFA)
The 49th Battalion was raised in Egypt
on 27 February 1916 as part of the “doubling” of the AIF.
Approximately half of its recruits were Gallipoli veterans from the 9th
Battalion, and the other half, fresh reinforcements from Australia.
Reflecting the composition of the 9th, the 49th was predominantly
composed of men from Queensland. The battalion became part of the 13th
Brigade of the 4th Australian Division.
Arriving in France on 12 June 1916,
the 49th moved into the trenches of the Western Front for the first time
on 21 June. It fought in its first major battle at Mouquet Farm in
August and suffered heavily, particularly in the assault launched on 3
September. The battalion saw out the rest of the year alternating
between front-line duty, and training and labouring behind the line.
This routine continued through the bleak winter of 1916–17.
Early in 1917, the battalion
participated in the advance that followed the German retreat to the
Hindenburg Line, supporting the 13th Brigade’s attack at Noreuil on 2
April. Later in the year, the focus of the AIF’s operations moved to
the Ypres sector in Belgium. There the battalion fought in the battle of
Messines on 9 June and the battle of Polygon Wood on 26 September.
Another winter of trench routine followed.
With the collapse of Russia in October
1917, a major German offensive on the Western Front was expected in
early 1918. This occurred in France in late March and the 4th Division
moved to defend positions around the Dernancourt on the River Ancre. The
49th Battalion assisted in the repulse of a large German attack on 5
April, launching a critical counter-attack late in the afternoon. The
German threat remained until late April, and in the early hours of ANZAC
Day 1918 the 49th participated in the now legendary attack to dislodge
the enemy from Villers-Bretonneux.
When the Allies launched their own
offensive in early August, the 49th Battalion was among the units
involved and played an active role until the middle of that month,
before moving to duties in the rear area. The battalion was ordered
forward for its last major operation of the war in September and
provided part of the 4th Division’s reserve for the attack on the
Hindenburg “outpost line” on the 18th. The 49th Battalion was
disbanded on 9 May 1919. Text by AWM
- 769 killed, 1419 wounded
- 1 DSO
- 2 OBE
- 19 MC, 1 bar
- 7 DCM
- 85 MM, 8 bars
- 6 MSM
- 21 MID
- 10 foreign awards