While Australian Army commitments to peacekeeping were initiated in
1947 - 51 with UNCOC/UNCI, UNCOK, UNMOGIP and UNC-K, as mentioned
previously, other involvements prior to 1979, all generally of a token
size, were as follows:
UNCMAC (Korea - Truce Supervision) 1953-*
UNTSO (Middle East - Truce Supervision) 1956-*
ONUC (Congo - Medical Assistance) 1960-61.
UNTEA (West New Guinea - Helicopter Support) 1962.
UNYOM (Yemen - Truce Supervision) 1963.
UNIPOM (India/Pakistan - Truce Supervision) 1965-66
UNDOF (Syria - Disengagement Observers) 1974-*
UNEF II (Sinai - Truce Supervision, Staff) 1976-80.
UNIFIL (Lebanon - Truce supervision) 1978.
From 1979, the scale of Australian Army commitments generally
increased significantly, in several cases to major unit level:
Commonwealth Monitoring Force (CMF) (Rhodesia - Observers) 1979-80.
Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) Sinai - Aviation, Staff)
UNIIMOG (Iran - Truce Supervision) 1988-90.
UNTAG (Namibia - Engineer Assistance) 1989-90.
UNMCTT (Afghanistan/Pakistan - Mine Clearance Training) 1989-93.
MIF I (Gulf - Air Defence Detachment for RAN ship) 1990-91.
MNF (I-K) (Iraq/Kuwait - miscellaneous detachments) 1990-91- see Gulf
UNSCOM (Iraq - Inspection of weapons capabilities) 1991-*
MINURSO (Western Sahara - Communications) 1991-94.
UNAMIC (Cambodia - Communications) 1991-92.
UNTAC (Cambodia - Unit Communications, etc) 1992-93.
UNPROFOR (Former Yugoslav states – Observers) 1992-93.
UNOSOM (Somalia - Movement control) 1992; 1993-95.
UNITAF (Somalia - Protection of Humanitarian Aid) 1992-93.
UNAMIR (Rwanda - Medical Support and Protection) 1994-95
(* indicating 'continuing as at 1999')
The most significant of these operations was UNTAC, in which the
Australian Army provided both the commander of the UN Force, Lieutenant
General John Sanderson, whose task was to oversee the disarming of
250,000 Cambodians, and the Force Communications Unit of 500 personnel.
The second most significant operation was UNITAF, for which 1RAR with
supporting arms elements provided protection to humanitarian aid in
Next in significance was UNAMIR, in which a
medical unit of 100 with a rifle company from 2RAR and supporting troops
provided medical support primarily for the UN force but also assisted
- Since this was written we have had
the interdiction in East Timor.