||Australian Light Horsemen take Damascus.
||The Light Horse advances into Damascus,
the Syrian capital, at the end of the long and victorious advance that
ended the First World War in the Middle East
||9th Division captures Finschhafen
||Finschhafen, in New Guinea, subsequently
becomes the base for the protracted Huon Peninsula campaign, 1943-44.
||Lieutenant J. Maxwell, 18th Battalion,
originally from Sydney, New South Wales, performed the action that
resulted in him being awarded the Victoria Cross, on the fortified 'Beaurevoir
line', near Estrees, France.
||Dedication, Australian Vietnam Veterans'
||The Vietnam Veterans' National Memorial,
Anzac Parade, Canberra, was opened by the Prime Minister, the Hon.
Paul Keating, MP, and honours those Australians who served and died in
the war in Vietnam.
|3 - 8 October
||Battle of Maryang-San, Korea
||The 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian
Regiment, made a successful assault against Chinese positions on Hill
317 (Maryang-San) and held the important feature in the face of fierce
||Sergeant L. McGee, 40th Battalion,
originally from Campbelltown, Tasmania, wins the Victoria Cross near
Ypres, Belgium. McGee was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously.
||Lance Corporal W. Peeler, 3rd Pioneer
Battalion, originally from Castlemaine, Victoria, was awarded the
Victoria Cross for his actions at Broodseinde Ridge, during the battle
of Ypres, Belgium.
||Capture of Montbrehai, France
||Montbrehain was the AIF's final action
in France in the Great War, in which the 2nd Division captured the
village at a cost of 430 casualties.
||Lieutenant G. Ingram, 24th Battalion,
originally from Bendigo, Victoria, wins the Victoria Cross at
Montbrehain, east of Peronne, France.
||HMAS Sydney in Korean waters
||The commencement of the aircraft
carrier, HMAS Sydney's, first patrol off Korea's west coast made
Australia the third country (after the USA and Britain) to operate a
carrier in the Korean War. The carrier operated Firefly and Sea Fury
aircraft (both types can be seen in the Memorial's Bradbury Aircraft
||Second Australian battalion committed to
||From September 1950 the main Australian
army unit in Korea had been the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian
Regiment. The Australian Governmenrt annouced that the 1st Battalion
Royal Australian Regiment would join it in March 1952.
||HMAS Sydney at Vung Tau
||The carrier embarked the 3rd Battalion,
Royal Australian Regiment, as Australia's participation in the Vietnam
war wound down.
||UN command forces authorised to cross
||In the northern autumn of 1950 when it
seemed that the North Koreans had been defeated, the United Nations
General Assembly authorised UN command forces to pursue North Korean
troops across the parallel. The subsequent advance precipitated
China's entry into the war.
||Fighting continues at Maryang-San, Korea
||The 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian
Regiment, drives towards 'The Hinge' on Hill 317, the final obstacle
to throwing the Chinese from the feature and fends off strong
||25th Brigade, 7th Division, contacts
Japanese rear-guard at Tempelton's Crossing. The pursuit of the
Japanese retreating along the Kokoda Trail involved hard fights.
Templeton's Crossing was named after an officer of the 39th Battalion,
lost without trace in the retreat from Kokoda.
||United Nations Forces advance into North
||Following the surprise landing at
Inchon, behind North Korean lines, United nations forces rapidly
pushed back the North Koreans and advanced deep into North Korea.
||Battle of Poelcappelle, Western Front.
||Australian divisions continued to attack
in the third battle of Ypres. The attack on Poelcappelle, launched
amid heavy rain, was to cost 1250 casualties for no gain of ground.
||Australians land at Jacquinot Bay, New
||The Australians' arrival opened the
successful New Britain campaign in which a small Militia force
successfully contained the large Japanese garrison holding Rabaul.
||Captain C. Jeffries, 34th Battalion,
originally from Wallsend, New South Wales, wins the Victoria Cross at
Passchendaele, Belgium, a posthumous award.
||HMAS Brisbane returns to Sydney
||This was the end of the Brisbane's first
deployment to Vietnam. A turret from HMAS Brisbane is on display
outside the Memorial.
||HMAS Adelaide at Solomon Islands
||HMAS Adelaide arrives at the British
Solomon Islands Protectorate as part of a British punitive expedition.
The Royal Australian Navy operated as part of a British empire force
in one of the first instances in which Australian forces intervened in
||Fighting at Templeton's crossing
||25th Brigade, 7th Division, drive
Japanese attackers back from Templeton's crossing
||Royal Australian Navy Helicopters deploy
||An RAN Helicopter Flight Vietnam (RANHFV
'67) joins the US Army's 135th Aviation Company at Vung Tau,
supporting American troops in South Vietnam.
||3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
in action at Sariwon, Korea. In a bold bluff, the battalion's
second-in-command, Major Ferguson, convinces at least 1,500 North
Korean soldiers to surrender at Sariwon during confused fighting.
||HMAS Geelong sunk
||HMAS Geelong was one of four corvettes
lost during the Second World War. It collided with an American
merchant ship off New Guinea.
||HMAS Perth hit
||HMAS Perth struck by return fire near
Cape Lai, Vietnam, while on the United States 7th Fleet 'gunline'.
This was the only occasion on which an Australian warship suffered
casualties from enemy fire during the Vietnam War.
||War Widow's Guild of Australia founded
||The guild's first president was Mrs
Jessie Vasey, widow of Major General G.A. Vasey. It is still an active
organisation today. Major General Vasey was killed in an aircraft
accident near Cairns while returning to operational service.
||New South Wales naval contingent enters
||New South Wales, Victoria and South
Australia sent naval contingents as part of a British empire force
deployed against anti-western Chinese secret societies.
||Australian Red Cross Missing and Wounded
Enquiry Bureau established
||Miss Vera Deakin, daughter of ex-Prime
Minister Alfred Deakin, establishes the Australian Red Cross Missing
and Wounded Enquiry Bureau in Cairo. The Missing and Wounded Enquiry
Bureau handled many thousands of enquiries from Australian families
seeking information on wounded and missing soldiers during the Great
||5th Australian Division on Western Front
||The 5th Australian Division entered the
front line near Flers on the Somme. By October the Somme battlefield
was a waste of mud-bound craters. The troops' misery is depicted in
the Somme Winter diorama in the Memorial's galleries.
||HMAS Australia damaged by Kamikaze
||The Japanese first used suicide attacks
on warships in the Allied fleet supporting the American landings on
Leyte in the Philippines.
||Corporal J. Sewell, 10th Australian Bomb
Disposal Platoon, British Commonwealth Occupation Force, was awarded
the George Medal for his rescue of Japanese survivors after an
explosion in a boat carrying high explosives.
||Battle of the Apple Orchard, Yongju,
||C Company, The 3rd Battalion, Royal
Australian Regiment, involved in their first major action of the
Korean War in an apple orchard near Yongju.
||Battle of El Alamein begins
||The battle of El Alamein, in Egypt, one
of the turning point battles of the Second World War, began with a
massive artillery bombardment preceding attacks by British and
|23 - 31 October
||Sergeant W.H. Kibby, 2/48th Battalion,
originally from Durham in the United Kingdom, wins the Victoria Cross
at the battle of El-Alamein, Egypt.
||Eora Creek, Kokoda Trail
||The 16th Brigade, 7th Division,
continued to drive the Japanese back along the Kokoda Trail but met
heavy resistance at Eora Creek in late October.
|25 - 26 October
||Private P.E. Gratwick, 2/48th Battalion,
originally from Katanning, Western Australia, wins the Victoria Cross
at El Alamein, Egypt.
||Chinese enter the Korean War.
||Having secretly moved at least 180,000
men into North Korea, Chinese forces began attacking south, surprising
||First conscription referendum
||Dismayed by heavy losses at Fromelles
and Pozières on the Western Front, Prime Minister W.M. Hughes
proposed that conscription be introduced for overseas service. The
proposal was defeated.
|29 - 30 October
||Australians reach Chongju
||Australian troops of the 3rd Battalion,
Royal Australian Regiment, reach Chongju, the most northerly point of
their advance into North Korea. In two days fierce fighting against
determined North Korean opposition the Australians clear Chongju and
the surrounding ridges.
||Armistice with Turkey
||Armistice signed with Turkey, ending
Turkish involvement in the First World War. Australian troops had
taken a prominent part in the war against the Ottoman empire,
especially on Gallipoli and in Sinai-Palestine.
||At Beersheba the 4th Light Horse
Brigade's bold charge against Turkish positions at Beersheba, seized a
critical wells that enabled British empire forces to break the Ottoman
line near Gaza and advance into Palestine.