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Category: Military History Calendar

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The Australian War Memorial have produced a good Military History calendar. I have reproduced it here in the hope that making it doubly accessible will make it more often consulted.
Date Year Title Event
1 June 1918 RAN aircraft first used in combat First use of aircraft in combat by ships of the Royal Australian Navy in the Heligoland Bight. Aircraft were launched from the HMAS Sydney and the HMAS Melbourne to intercept two German aircraft.
1 June 1941 Evacuation from Crete completed Over 16,000 troops were successfully evacuated from the island over four successive nights
2 June 1967 2RAR arrives in Vietnam. By 1967 Australia's commitment to the war in Vietnam was increasing as the task force expanded its control over areas of Phuc Tuy Province.
3 June 1942 Battle of Midway begins The Battle of Midway was the first decisive defeat inflicted on Japan by America in the Second World War. The battle altered the balance of sea power in the Pacific towards the allies and forced Japan to abandon plans for advances on New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa and delayed their offensive in New Guinea.
4 June 1900 Six Mile Spruit Victorians and West Australians heavily engaged at Six Mile Spruit
4 June 1944 Allied troops enter Rome The Italian campaign, aimed at exploiting the Allied victory in North Africa and distract German forces from France and the Eastern Front, became a lengthy war of attrition that was not brought to an end with the fall of Rome.
5 June 1941 Cyprus reinforced by Australian troops After their heavy losses during the invasion of Crete German plans to launch a similar attack against Cyprus were abandoned
6 June 1942 Battle of Midway ends The Battle of Midway was the first decisive defeat inflicted on Japan by America in the Second World War. The battle altered the balance of sea power in the Pacific towards the allies and forced Japan to abandon plans for advances on New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa and delayed their offensive in New Guinea.
6 June 1944 D-Day Allies land in Normandy on D-Day opening a third front against Germany and beginning an eastward drive across northern Europe that ended with Germany's surrender in May 1945.
6 June 1969 Battle of Binh Ba, South Vietnam Binh Ba, located five kilometres north of the Australian base at Nui Dat was the site of a battle between a combined force of Viet Cong guerillas and North Vietnamese Army troops after they occupied the village. They were driven off after more than a day's fighting. This was the last large scale clash in Phouc Tuy.
7 June 1917 Captain R.C. Grieve, VC Captain R.C. Grieve, 37th Battalion, originally from Melbourne, wins the Victoria Cross at Messines.
7 June 1951 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment 3RAR patrols sent across the Imjin River and commences to win control of the north bank.
7 June 1968 Prime Minister visits Vietnam Prime Minister Gorton begins two-day visit to Vietnam against a background of both a growing Australian military commitment to the war and steadily increasing, though not yet overwhelming, domestic opposition.
7 - 10 June 1917 Private J. Carroll, VC. Private J. Carroll, 33rd Battalion, originally from Brisbane, wins the Victoria Cross at St Yves (Battle of Messines)..
8 June 1941 Australians attack Vichy French in Syria. 7th Division and Imperial forces attack Vichy French in Syria
8 June 1942 Sydney and Newcastle shelled In addition to launching the midget submarines that attacked Sydney Harbour and attacking shipping on Australia's east coast Japanese submarines shelled Sydney and Newcastle with little effect.
8 June 1950 General Sir Thomas Blamey appointed Field Marshall General Sir Thomas Blamey, Commander-in-Chief Allied Land Forces, South West Pacific Area, World War Two, made a Field Marshal. The only ever Australian appointment to this rank.
9 June 1941 Liatani River, Lebanon Having seen the bridge over the River destroyed by Vichy French troops, two plattoons of the 7th Division crossed the Litani River in canvas boats and captured several French positions on the far shore..
10 June 1940 Italy declares war on the Allies The Italian dictator, Mussolini, wished to profit from the German successes early in the war and declared war on the allies in June 1940, by which time the most vocal Italian dissidents were in exile or in prison.
10 June 1941 Recruiting begins for Torres Strait Defence Force Recruitment commenced for the Torres Strait Defence Force to be drawn from the indigenous population of the Torres Strait Islands.
10 June 1945 Landings at Brunei, Labuan and Muar, Borneo Codenamed Oboe 6 the 9th Division's landings at Brunei, Labuan and Muar were designed to secure the Brunei Bay area north of Borneo, to permit the establishement of an advanced fleet base to protect Brunei's oil and rubber resources.
11 June 1900 Diamond Hill, South Africa Members of the 1st Australian Horse and the New South Wales Lancers participate in the Battle of Diamond Hill, South Africa
12 June 1901 Williamsrust, South Africa Victorians trapped in a surprise attack at Williamsrust, 18 were killed and 42 wounded in a five minute engagement.
13 June 1941 Battle for Jezzine, Lebanon The battle was one of several hard fought actions in the five week long campaign by the allies against Vichy French forces in Syria and Lebanon.
13 June 1945 Australians capture Brunei The Australian occupation of Brunei was aimed at permitting the establishment of an advanced fleet base to protect Brunei's oil and rubber resources.
14 June 1966 The 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, arrives in South Vietnam The deployment of the 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, to Vietnam formed part of Australia's build up of forces in Phouc Tuy Province in the mid-1960s. D Company from this battalion became involved in the battle of Long Tan in August 1966.
15 June 1901 Sergeant J. Rogers, VC Sergeant J. Rogers, South African Constabulary, originally from Moama, New South Wales, wins the Victoria Cross near Thaba 'Nchu, Orange Free State. Rogers was a New South Welshman by birth.
15 June 1951 HMAS Bataan bombards Chongjin, Korea. After the war in Korea had ended the Chinese leader, Chairman Mao Tse Tung, admitted one of the principal factors in denying the Chinese and North Korean's victory was the superiority of United Nations naval power. Australia's contribution to the naval war in Korea was significant.
16 June 1942 HMAS Nestor sunk The HMAS Nestor was in the Mediterranean north of Tobruk when she was bombed and sunk.
16 June 1948 Malayan Emergency declared Lasting 13 years, involvement in the Malayan Emergency was the longest continuing military commitment in Australia's history. Fifty-one Australian servicemen died in Malaya, although only 15 of these deaths occurred as a result of operations, and 27 were wounded - the majority of whom were in the army.
17 June 1945 Australians land at Weston, North Borneo The Australian landings on Borneo were aimed at denying the Japanese oil and establishing bases for naval operations. The value of these operations has been subject to ongoing debate.
18 June 1943 Australian Government announces that Australia is no longer threatened with invasion By 1943 it was clear that the Japanese no longer had the capacity to threaten Australia with invasion, though it seems that such an invasion was never planned by the Japanese.
18 June 1953 Australian POWs of the Korean War released at Panmunjon. Twenty-nine Australians were taken prisoner in Korea. One prisoner died while in captivity.
19 June 1952 Jamestown Line, Korea The 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, relieved the 1st Battalion, the Leicestershire Regiment on the Jamestown line, Korea.
19 June - 6 July 1941 Lieutenant A.R. Cutler, VC. Lieutenant A.R. Cutler, 2/5th Field Regiment, 7th Division, originally of Manly, New South Wales, wins the Victoria Cross for a series of actions at Merdjayoun and in the Damour area, Lebanon.
20 June 1864 Australians in action at Te Ranga, New Zealand More than 2,500 men from the Australian colonies crossed the Tasman to fight in the New Zealand Wars, most joined the Waikato militia regiments and becameinvolved in patrolling and garrison duties.
20 June 1943 Darwin bombed Darwin was bombed by Japanese aircraft 64 times during the Second World War.
21 June 1941 Damascus occupied Damascus was a secondary objective for the allies during the five-week Syrian campaign, in which the capture of coastal towns of Damour and Beirut and the inland town of Merdjayoun were more important to the outcome.
21 June 1951 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, awarded United States Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation United States Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation awarded to 3RAR for "extraordinary heroism and outstanding performance" at the battle of Kapyong, Korea.
22 June 1941 Operation Barbarossa launched Germany's invasion of Russia led to the greatest clash of arms in history. The war occupied by far the greatest proportion of German manpower and much of the burden of defeating Germany fell to Russia.
22 June 1945 Beaufort, Borneo, occupied. The Australian occupation of Brunei was aimed at permitting the establishement of an advanced fleet base to protect Brunei's oil and rubber resources.
22 June 1945 Japanese resistance on Tarakan ends. Codenamed OBOE 1 the landings at Tarakan were primarily aimed at establishing a fighter airfield, though in the end this was not done.
23 June 1885 Sudan contingent disembarks The New South Wales contingent spent a little over two months in the Sudan without seeing any serious action. Upon their return they spent some time at the North Head Quarantine Station.
24 June 1927 Opening of the Menin Gate Memorial Ypres, Belgium The Menin Gate Memorial to the missing records the names of over 56,000 Allied soldiers, among them 6,176 Australians missing in the battles near Ypres in the First World War.
24 June 1942 Afrika Korps attack Egypt Afrika Korps attack Egypt, forcing allied forces back to El Alamein where one of the pivotal battles of the war was fought later in the year.
25 June 1917   United States troops begin to arrive in France.
25 June 1950 North Korea invades South Korea. Beginning of the three year long Korean War.
25 - 26 June 1916 Private J.W.A. Jackson, VC Private J.W.A. Jackson, 17th Battalion, originally from Gunbar, New South Wales, wins the Victoria Cross south-east of Bois Grenier, near Armentieres, France.
26 June 1956 Sungei Siput, Malaya Men of the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, attacked a Communist Camp near Sungei Siput in Perak, Malaya. Three of the Communists were killed in the fight.
27 June 1911 Royal Military College Duntroon opens. The Royal Military College Duntroon was created at the suggestion of Field Marshal Lord Kitchener, its first commandant was Colonel W.T. Bridges, who was later killed at Gallipoli.
27 June 1950 UN recommends assistance to South Korea United Nations Security Council recommends United Nations assistance to South Korea after the North Korean invasion of 25 June.
27 June 1950 RAAF bomber Squadron to Malaya Six RAAF Lincolns of No. 1 Squadron and a flight of Dakotas from No. 38 Squadron formed part of the Far East Air Force. The RAAF's contribution represented Australia's first involvement in the Malayan Emergency.
28 June 1918 1918 Corporal P. Davey, VC. Corporal P. Davey, 10th Battalion, originally from Goodwood, South Australia, wins the Victoria Cross at Merris, France.
28 June 1919 Treaty of Versailles signed Paris Peace Conference Concludes with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty, signed between Germany and representatives of 27 victorious powers, punished Germany territorially and financially for her role in the First World War. The treaty was supposed also to prevent Germany from having the means to make war in the future
28 June 1945 Private L.T. Starcevitch, VC Private L.T. Starcevitch, 2/43rd Battalion, originally from Subiaco, Western Australia, wins the Victoria Cross at Beaufort, North Borneo.
28 June 1950 Seoul captured The North Korean People's Army captured Seoul in their initial southward advance, by the end of the Korean War the city had changed hands 4 times.
29 June 1950 Australia commits military units to the United Nations Force in Korea. Australia was one of the first nations to commit units, from each of the three services, to the war in Korea. Australians in Korea fought as part of the United Nations Command
30 June 1941 HMAS Waterhen sunk The HMAS Waterhen was sunk on the Tobruk run.
30 June 1942 Australian troops raid Salamaua. The raid on Salamuaua was carried out by men of the New Guinea Volunteer Rifles and the 2/5th Independent Company, they caused damage to Japanese facilities and supplies.
30 June   No. 77 Squadron RAAF, committed to Korea. Prime Minister Menzies announces that No. 77 Squadron RAAF, is to be committed to combat duties in Korea. This was the first Australian unit committed to the war in Korea, they were equipped with Mustangs.
30 June 1971 Final anti-war rally. 110,000 people in Australian cities demonstrated against the war in Vietnam

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