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Category: Gallipoli

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The Timeline at Gallipoli

A postcard from Egypt 1915. 

This one indicates that the attack was launched by troops from the British Empire and French troops. 

This makes it more historically accurate than some that later gave the impression that the Gallipoli Campaign was a strictly ANZAC affair.

Jul 27: Enver Pasha and the German ambassador meet secretly to talk about a Turko-German alliance
Aug 2:  The secret Turko-German alliance is signed
Aug 3: Churchill informs the Turkish authorities that the 2 warships they had ordered in England will not be released and are confiscated by the English
Aug 4:  England declares war on Germany
Aug 10:  The German warships Goeben and Breslau steam through the Dardanelles into the Marmara. The Dardanelles are closed for Allied ships
Oct 28-29:  Three Turkish torpedo-ships with a German crew attack Odessa and the Goeben does the same at Sebastopol, a provocation to draw Turkey further into the war at Germany's side
Nov 3-7: Declarations of war arrive at Constantinople from Russia, England, France, Montenegro, Japan and Belgium
Nov 3: British ships bombard the forts of Seddulbahir and Kum Kale without causing any serious damage
Dec 13:  Lieutenant Holbrook dives in his submarine under the minefields in the Straits and sinks the old Turkish battleship Messudieh
Dec 29:  The disastrous battle of Sarikamish : of Enver's 100,000 strong army, only 18,000 survivors returned to Turkey
Jan 2: Czar Nicholas of Russia appeals for an Allied demonstration to relieve pressure from the Russian front
Jan 3:  British War Council discusses aid to Russia
Jan 8:  During a meeting in London, Admiral Carden informs Churchill that a naval attack with an appropriate strength in warships might force the Straits 
Jan 13:  War Council approves plan for Royal Navy forcing Dardanelles
Jan 28: The definitive plans for an attack on the Dardanelles are officially accepted
Jan 29: The Allied Fleet is assembled
Feb 3-4: Djemal Pasha attacks the Suez Canal after an advance through the desert, but is easily beaten back
Feb 9: The British War Council agrees to send troops to support the Naval operation
Feb 16:  War Council decides to concentrate troops in vicinity of Dardanelles
Feb 19:  British and French battleships under Carden bombard outer forts at Dardanelles
Feb 25: Further bombardments of Turkish forts
Feb 26:  Battleships reach entrance of Narrows during bombardment Landing parties of Royal Marines destroy Turkish guns in forts
Mar 1: Four battleships enter Straits and bombard intermediate defences. Demolition parties land and destroy more guns. Four French battleships bombard Bulair Lines from Gulf of Saros
Mar 2: Dardanelles bombardment continues
Mar 3:  Landing party in Helles area destroys gun battery
Mar 4:  Australian 3rd Infantry Brigade arrives at Lemnos Island
Mar 4-7:  Naval operations continue against Dardanelles defences
Mar 10-11:  Naval bombardment at Bulair and Dardanelles
Mar 10:  The British War Council decides to send the 29th Division to the East
Mar 11: General Sir Ian Hamilton is appointed as commander-in-chief for the operation
Mar 13:  Hamilton receives final instructions from Kitchener
Mar 15: Minor Naval activity at Dardanelles
Mar 17: Hamilton arrives at Tenedos
Mar 18: Major naval attempt to force the Straits by 16 British and French battleships - 3 lost, 3 others put out of action.
Mar 19: Naval action not renewed. Telegram from Hamilton to Kitchener, stating that only combined naval and infantry action could be successful
Mar 22: Decision for a combined naval and infantry operation is taken
Apr 11:  Hamilton's staff members arrive in Alexandria
Apr 13:  Battleships Queen Elizabeth and Queen reconnoitre Gallipoli Peninsula coastline with Expeditionary Force commanders and staff
Apr 25: Landings at Kum Kale by the French, at Anzac by the Australians and New Zealanders and at Helles by the English
Apr 26: Turkish counter attacks beaten off at Anzac
Apr 27:  6 battalions of French troops arrive at Helles and occupy the right flank near the Kereviz Dere
Apr 28: First Battle of Krithia
Apr 29: Heavy Turkish attacks all along the Anzac line
April 30:  Australian submarine sunk in sea of Marmara
May 1-2:  Night attack by 21 Turkish battalions at Helles breaks into French and British positions and is only stopped with great difficulty
May 4:  Australian raid on Gaba Tepe is beaten off
May 5-6:  Australian 2nd Brigade and N.Z. Infantry Brigade leave for Helles
May 6-8:  Second Battle of Krithia, involving combined French, British and Imperial Forces
May 10:  Unsuccessful attack by Australians at the head of Monash Valley
May 14: H.M.S. Goliath sunk at mouth of the Straits
May 15: General Bridges mortally wounded
May 19:  Turkish attack at Anzac is beaten off. 10,000 casualties
May 20:  Turks first ask for an short truce to bury the dead
May 24:  Truce to bury the dead
May 25: H.M.S. Triumph torpedoed off Gaba Tepe
May 28:  Late at night, Turks fire mine in front of Quinn's Post
May 29: Attack on Quinn's Post in which Major Quinn is killed
May 31:  Turkish blockhouse blown up in front of Quinn's by two sappers
June 4:  3rd Battle of Krithia : slight advance made in the Helles sector at heavy cost (Allied 6,500 / Turkish 9,000). Night raid by Canterbury Infantry from Quinn's Post at night
June 5:  New sortie against German Officers' Trench in front of Courtney's Post
June 7-8:  Night sortie from Quinn's Post
June 8: First monitor appears off Anzac
June 21:  French capture the Haricot Redoubt at Helles at heavy cost (Allied 2500 / Turkish 6000)
June 28: Successful British attack on left flank at Helles (Allied 3,500 / Turkish unknown)
June 29-30:  Last Turkish attack on Anzac fails
July 1-7:  Secret treaty between Germany and Bulgaria signed
July 2:  Strong but unsuccessful Turkish attack at Helles
July 4-5: Another Turkish attack at Helles beaten back with heavy casualties (Allied negligible / Turkish 16,000)
July 10: Turks at Cape Helles ask for armistice to bury their dead, but the Allied Command refuses.
July 12:  General Masnou, commander of 1st French Division at Helles, is mortally wounded
July 12-13:  Allied attack at Helles over 1 mile front (Allied 4,000 / Turkish 10,000)
July 31:  Australians take Turkish trench opposite Tasmania Post
Aug 6-7:  British attack at Cape Helles. Australians attack at Lone Pine, Quinn's Post and the Nek. Old No3 Post retaken, Table Top and Bauchop's Hill taken by the New Zealanders. Damakjelik Bair captured by the Left Covering Force.
Aug 7:  9th British Corps lands at Suvla Bay before dawn. Rhododendron Spur taken by the New Zealanders
Aug 8:  Wellington Battalion captures top of Chunk Bair. New army at Suvla remains inactive
Aug 9:  Gurkhas reach the saddle between Hill Q and Chunuk Bair. New Zealanders on Chunuk Bair relieved by New Army Troops.
Aug 10: New Army Troops driven off Chunuk Bair by Turkish counter attack. Unsuccessful British attack at Suvla
Aug 11:  Stalemate at Suvla, caused by incompetence of commander Stopford
Aug 12:  The 5th Norfolks disappear during a fruitless attack at Suvla and enter history as "the Vanished Battalion"
Aug 14:  Telegram from Kitchener to Hamilton, with the proposal to recall Stopford
Aug 15:  Unsuccessful British attack at Suvla along the Kiretch Tepe
Aug 20 Italy declares war on Turkey
Aug 21 Battle of Scimitar Hill at Suvla and first attack on Hill 60 begin. As for troops engaged, the biggest action of the entire Gallipoli campaign
Aug 27 Battle renewed for possession of Hill 60
Aug 28 New Zealanders hold and consolidate their position on Hill 60
Sep 2 "Southland" transport with 2nd Division troops torpedoed
Sep 20 Bulgarian treaty with Turkey announced
Sep 25 Allied offensive in France begins. Turkish-Bulgarian agreement
Sep 29 British and Indian troops enter Kut-el-Amara
Sep 30 10th (Irish) Division leaves Suvla for Salonika
Oct 3 2nd French Division leaves for Salonika
Oct 5 Allied troops land in Salonika
Oct 7 Britain offers Cyprus to Greece
Oct 8 First autumn storm causes damage to Allied harbours at Suvla and Anzac
Oct 9 Attack on Serbia and Belgrade captured by Austro-Germans
Oct 11 Lord Kitchener asks Ian Hamilton the estimated cost of evacuation. Hamilton thinks 50% casualties might be expected
Oct 12 Sir Ian Hamilton replies that evacuation is unthinkable
Oct 14 In the House of Lords, Lord Milner and Lord Ribblesdale urge evacuation of Gallipoli
Oct 15 Britain and Bulgaria at war
Oct 16 Kitchener telegram recalling Sir Ian Hamilton
Oct 17 General Sir Ian Hamilton relinquishes command of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force
Oct 20 General Monro, in London, receives instructions to proceed to the Near East and take over command of the M.E.F.
Oct 27 General Sir Charles Monroe takes over command of Force
Oct 30 General Monro first visits the Peninsula
Nov 13 Lord Kitchener lands at Anzac, Churchill resigns from British Cabinet
Nov 24 Period of silence is ordered to last 72 hours
Nov 26 Major General Godley assumes command of Army Corps
Nov 27-28 Commencement of the Great Blizzard
Nov 30 End of the blizzard reveals that the Allied forces had lost 1/10th of their strength
Dec 3 General Townsend besieged at Kut-el-Amara
Dec 7 British Government orders evacuation
Dec 8 General Monro orders Birdwood to proceed with the evacuation of Anzac and Suvla
Dec 10-11 All sick, wounded, surplus troops, vehicles and valuable stores removed
Dec 12 Announcement at Anzac that a winter rest camp at Imbros will be formed. Surplus guns removed
Dec 15 Detailed orders for evacuation issued
Dec 16 All ranks warned of impending operations
Dec 19 Last night of Anzac and Suvla evacuation
Dec 20 Anzac and Suvla evacuation completed without casualties. Troops brought to Lemnos
Dec 21-30 Troops transferred to Egypt
Jan 9:  Helles evacuation completed.

From Gallipoli


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